We are delighted to share with you our most recent report, which was officially presented today at a special panel at the 26th Economic Forum in Krynica. The panel was attended, among NCSS’ experts, by the Undersecretary of State in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Korad Szymański, and the Undersecretary of State in the Ministry of Energy, Michał Kurtyka.
You can find the introduction to the report below:
The creation of a single gas market is one of the key objectives of the EU energy policy intended to offer consumers a greater choice of suppliers, lower prices and improved energy security. There is no doubt that energy security and energy policy are highly important for all of the V4 countries, particularly because natural gas is the largest imported energy source in Poland, Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic, and the vast majority of the resource comes from a single supplier, Russia.
Despite the variance in the Visegrad states’ energy usage and the role of natural gas in their economies, there remains a number of energy security challenges shared by these countries. Overdependence on energy supplies from one source, the lack of an integrated regional energy market, infrastructure bottlenecks, and disagreements over implementation of a unified energy policy make the V4 countries weaker and more vulnerable. Moreover, the current Russian-Ukrainian conflict has left the Ukrainian gas transit system under pressure, while, at the same time, Russia has a stated intention to reduce its Ukrainian transit for European deliveries to the lowest possible level, starting from 2019 and beyond, creating more anxiety and uncertainty over energy security in the Visegrad region.
Improving energy security amongst the V4 countries hinges on a market oriented, integrated approach based on mutual solidarity and cooperation. This requires full implementation of the Third Energy Package and the application of corresponding legislation and best practices articulated in recent communications, laid down by the European Commission. A common gas market incorporating the V4 and surrounding countries would increase liquidity, enable more competitive prices and, above all, allow for efficient, market-based solutions to energy security issues. These developments are co-dependent and mutually reinforcing.
This paper provides context and analysis of energy security related issues in the V4, focusing primarily on the Energy Union strategy and EU security of supply regulation in the Visegrad states, infrastructure bottlenecks and infrastructure projects in the region in the context of current geopolitical and regional challenges to the V4 gas supply security. The content is supported by a survey of energy experts in the Visegrad region carried out in April 2016, included in the Annex.
The full text of the report is available under this link.